Founded in August 2009, Human Rights in Ireland is a group academic blog with a focus on human rights issues in Ireland and on Irish scholarship about human rights theory, practice, law and politics more generally. The primary intention behind this blog is to provide an online arena for discussing issues arising in Ireland in relation to human rights. In addition to this, we cover Irish scholarship on human rights, and international and comparative developments.
The blog’s authors are academics, mostly lawyers, who are working either in Ireland or abroad and whose work relates broadly to human rights.
The Irish Yearbook of International Law was launched in 2006, at Iveagh House, Department of Foreign Affairs, by Mary Robinson. The Yearbook presents, on an annual basis, peer-reviewed academic articles and book reviews on general issues of international law. Beyond items of a general nature, designated Correspondents provide reports on: international law developments in Ireland; Irish practice in international fora and the European Union; and relations between the North and the South of Ireland. In addition, the Yearbook reproduces documents that reflect Irish practice on contemporary issues of international law.
Documents on Irish Foreign Policy is a project of the Royal Irish Academy, the Department of Foreign Affairs and the National Archives of Ireland and was established in 1997. The project publishes essential source material for anyone interested in the development of Irish foreign policy since 1919.
To facilitate teaching, study, dissemination and wider appreciation of international law, it has been our practice since 1930 to publish (with certain exceptions), the international agreements to which the State becomes a party in the Irish Treaty Series. The text of all treaties published in the Irish Treaty Series since 1998, and a limited number of selected treaties published in earlier years are available on this site.
In the absence of a treaty governing relations between two or more states on a particular topic, what is important is evidence of the existence of consensus among states as to what the law should be - in other words, state practice combined with a recognition that a certain practice is obligatory. If sufficiently widespread and consistent, such practice and consensus may constitute customary international law.
Evidence of custom may be found among the following sources:
- United Nations General Assembly resolutions
- statements by governments
- comments by governments on drafts produced by the International Law Commission
- opinions of official legal advisers
- decisions of national and international courts
- diplomatic correspondence
However, as with all matters of evidence, the weight which can be given to a particular statement varies greatly depending on the circumstances in which it was made.